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Rwanda Women Occupy 56% Of Parliamneray Seats, Kenya 9.8%

September 1st 2011, Nairobi –  Tuesday August 30, 2011, Over 65 women leaders from Africa attended 3rd Regional Conference for African Women in Political Leadership in Nairobi orgarnised by African Women’s Development and Communication Network (FEMNET), a pan-African organization that works to promote African women’s collective leadership for equality, peace and sustainable development.

The event brought together seasoned,young and vibrant female politicians, presidential and political aspirants from various African countries holding elections in 2011‐2012, women rights activists, civil society and research organizations engaged in women’s leadership development, and key development partners who support women’s political participation initiatives.

Various issues were rasied by those by Women leaders among them operating hours of parliament which they said was challenging for young politician, especially young mothers.

Gender minister Naomi Shaban hailed the new constitution saying it was progressive and favours women’s rights,  Presidential aspirant Gichugu Member of Parliament Martha Karua said women should not give up but should devise strategies to increase their numbers in politics

Karua noted that women need to be bold and speak loudly within their political parties

It emerged that only 10 countries have ratified the African Democracy charter, according to 2011 data from the Inter-Parliamneray Union, Women currently occupy 19.4 % of parliamneray seats in sub-saharan Africa which is slightly higher than the world avarage og 19.3%.

Rwanda leads the way with 56.3% in its lower house while South Africa is at 44.5%, Mozambique 39.2%, Angola 38.6%, Uganda 37.2%, Tanzania 36% and Burundi 32.1% which all exceed the 30% threshold set in the Beijing platform of Action adopted at the 1995 fouth World Conference on Women.

The data in the table below has been compiled by the Inter-Parliamentary Union on the basis of information provided by National Parliaments by 31 July 2011. 187 countries are classified by descending order of the percentage of women in the lower or single House. Comparative data on the world and regional averages as well as data concerning the two regional parliamentary assemblies elected by direct suffrage can be found on separate pages.

WORLD CLASSIFICATION

Rank

Country

Lower or single House

Upper House or Senate

Elections

Seats*

Women

% W

Elections

Seats*

Women

% W

1

Rwanda

9 2008

80

45

56.3%

10 2003

26

9

34.6%

2

Andorra

4 2011

28

15

53.6%

3

Sweden

9 2010

349

157

45.0%

4

South Africa 

4 2009

400

178

44.5%

4 2009

54

16

29.6%

5

Cuba

1 2008

586

253

43.2%

6

Iceland

4 2009

63

27

42.9%

7

Finland

4 2011

200

85

42.5%

8

Norway

9 2009

169

67

39.6%

9

Belgium

6 2010

150

59

39.3%

6 2010

71

26

36.6%

Netherlands

6 2010

150

59

39.3%

5 2011

75

27

36.0%

10

Mozambique

10 2009

250

98

39.2%

11

Angola

9 2008

220

85

38.6%

Costa Rica

2 2010

57

22

38.6%

12

Argentina

6 2009

257

99

38.5%

6 2009

71

25

35.2%

13

Denmark

11 2007

179

68

38.0%

14

Spain

3 2008

350

128

36.6%

3 2008

263

85

32.3%

15

United Republic of Tanzania

10 2010

350

126

36.0%

16

Uganda

2 2011

375

131

34.9%

17

New Zealand

11 2008

122

41

33.6%

18

Nepal

4 2008

594

197

33.2%

19

Germany

9 2009

622

204

32.8%

N.A.

69

15

21.7%

20

Ecuador

4 2009

124

40

32.3%

21

Burundi

7 2010

106

34

32.1%

7 2010

41

19

46.3%

22

Belarus

9 2008

110

35

31.8%

7 2008

58

19

32.8%

23

The F.Y.R. of Macedonia

6 2011

123

38

30.9%

24

Guyana

8 2006

70

21

30.0%

25

Timor-Leste

6 2007

65

19

29.2%

26

Switzerland

10 2007

200

58

29.0%

10 2007

46

10

21.7%

27

Trinidad and Tobago

5 2010

42

12

28.6%

6 2010

31

8

25.8%

28

Austria

9 2008

183

51

27.9%

N.A.

61

18

29.5%

29

Ethiopia

5 2010

547

152

27.8%

5 2010

135

22

16.3%

30

Afghanistan

9 2010

249

69

27.7%

1 2011

102

28

27.5%

31

Portugal

6 2011

230

61

26.5%

32

Mexico

7 2009

500

131

26.2%

7 2006

128

29

22.7%

33

Monaco

2 2008

23

6

26.1%

34

Bolivia

12 2009

130

33

25.4%

12 2009

36

17

47.2%

35

Iraq

3 2010

325

82

25.2%

36

Sudan

4 2010

346

87

25.1%

5 2010

28

5

17.9%

37

Lao People’s Democratic Republic

4 2011

132

33

25.0%

38

Australia

8 2010

150

37

24.7%

8 2010

76

27

35.5%

Canada

5 2011

308

76

24.7%

N.A.

103

37

35.9%

39

Namibia

11 2009

78

19

24.4%

11 2010

26

7

26.9%

Viet Nam

5 2011

500

122

24.4%

40

Lesotho

2 2007

120

29

24.2%

3 2007

33

6

18.2%

41

Liechtenstein

2 2009

25

6

24.0%

42

Croatia

11 2007

153

36

23.5%

Seychelles

5 2007

34

8

23.5%

43

Kyrgyzstan

10 2010

120

28

23.3%

44

Senegal

6 2007

150

34

22.7%

8 2007

100

40

40.0%

45

United Arab Emirates

12 2006

40

9

22.5%

46

Pakistan

2 2008

342

76

22.2%

3 2009

100

17

17.0%

Singapore

5 2011

90

20

22.2%

47

Mauritania

11 2006

95

21

22.1%

11 2009

56

8

14.3%

Philippines

5 2010

280

62

22.1%

5 2010

23

3

13.0%

48

Czech Republic

5 2010

200

44

22.0%

10 2010

81

15

18.5%

Eritrea

2 1994

150

33

22.0%

United Kingdom

5 2010

650

143

22.0%

N.A.

733

147

20.1%

Uzbekistan

12 2009

150

33

22.0%

1 2010

100

15

15.0%

49

Serbia

5 2008

250

54

21.6%

50

Peru

4 2011

130

28

21.5%

51

China

3 2008

2987

637

21.3%

Italy

4 2008

630

134

21.3%

4 2008

321

59

18.4%

52

Cambodia

7 2008

123

26

21.1%

1 2006

61

9

14.8%

53

Bulgaria

7 2009

240

50

20.8%

Cape Verde

2 2011

72

15

20.8%

Dominican Republic

5 2010

183

38

20.8%

5 2010

32

3

9.4%

Malawi

5 2009

192

40

20.8%

54

Nicaragua

11 2006

92

19

20.7%

55

Latvia

10 2010

100

20

20.0%

Luxembourg

6 2009

60

12

20.0%

Poland

10 2007

460

92

20.0%

10 2007

100

8

8.0%

56

Estonia

3 2011

101

20

19.8%

57

Israel

2 2009

120

23

19.2%

58

Lithuania

10 2008

141

27

19.1%

59

El Salvador

1 2009

84

16

19.0%

Tajikistan

2 2010

63

12

19.0%

3 2010

34

5

14.7%

60

France

6 2007

577

109

18.9%

9 2008

343

75

21.9%

61

Mauritius

5 2010

69

13

18.8%

Republic of Moldova

11 2010

101

19

18.8%

62

Bangladesh

12 2008

345

64

18.6%

63

Sao Tome and Principe

8 2010

55

10

18.2%

64

Honduras

11 2009

128

23

18.0%

Indonesia

4 2009

560

101

18.0%

65

Kazakhstan

8 2007

107

19

17.8%

10 2008

47

2

4.3%

66

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

12 2010

23

4

17.4%

67

Greece

10 2009

300

52

17.3%

68

Venezuela

9 2010

165

28

17.0%

69

Turkmenistan

12 2008

125

21

16.8%

70

Bosnia and Herzegovina

10 2010

42

7

16.7%

6 2011

15

2

13.3%

San Marino

11 2008

60

10

16.7%

United States of America 

11 2010

432

72

16.7%

11 2010

100

17

17.0%

71

Albania

6 2009

140

23

16.4%

72

Azerbaijan

11 2010

125

20

16.0%

Slovakia

6 2010

150

24

16.0%

73

Thailand

7 2011

500

79

15.8%

4 2011

149

23

15.4%

74

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

3 2009

687

107

15.6%

75

Burkina Faso

5 2007

111

17

15.3%

76

Uruguay

10 2009

99

15

15.2%

10 2009

31

4

12.9%

77

Zimbabwe

3 2008

214

32

15.0%

3 2008

99

24

24.2%

78

Gabon

1 2009

116

17

14.7%

1 2009

102

18

17.6%

Republic of Korea

4 2008

299

44

14.7%

79

Ireland

2 2011

166

24

14.5%

4 2011

60

18

30.0%

80

Slovenia

9 2008

90

13

14.4%

11 2007

40

1

2.5%

81

Chile

12 2009

120

17

14.2%

12 2009

38

5

13.2%

Turkey

6 2011

550

78

14.2%

82

Russian Federation

12 2007

450

63

14.0%

N.A.

169

8

4.7%

Zambia

9 2006

157

22

14.0%

83

Cameroon

7 2007

180

25

13.9%

84

Djibouti

2 2008

65

9

13.8%

85

Swaziland

9 2008

66

9

13.6%

10 2008

30

12

40.0%

86

Grenada

7 2008

15

2

13.3%

8 2008

13

4

30.8%

Jamaica

9 2007

60

8

13.3%

9 2007

21

5

23.8%

Niger

1 2011

113

15

13.3%

87

Sierra Leone

8 2007

121

16

13.2%

88

Central African Republic

3 2011

92

12

13.0%

89

Chad

2 2011

188

24

12.8%

90

Colombia

3 2010

166

21

12.7%

3 2010

102

16

15.7%

91

Dominica

12 2009

32

4

12.5%

Liberia

10 2005

64

8

12.5%

10 2005

30

5

16.7%

Madagascar

10 2010

256

32

12.5%

10 2010

90

10

11.1%

Paraguay

4 2008

80

10

12.5%

4 2008

45

7

15.6%

92

Syrian Arab Republic

4 2007

250

31

12.4%

93

Bahamas

5 2007

41

5

12.2%

5 2007

15

5

33.3%

94

Guatemala

9 2007

158

19

12.0%

95

Romania

11 2008

334

38

11.4%

11 2008

137

8

5.8%

96

Japan

8 2009

480

54

11.3%

7 2010

242

44

18.2%

97

Montenegro

3 2009

81

9

11.1%

Saint Lucia

12 2006

18

2

11.1%

1 2007

11

4

36.4%

Togo

10 2007

81

9

11.1%

98

India

4 2009

545

59

10.8%

3 2010

242

25

10.3%

Jordan

11 2010

120

13

10.8%

11 2010

60

9

15.0%

99

Cyprus

5 2011

56

6

10.7%

100

Antigua and Barbuda

3 2009

19

2

10.5%

4 2009

17

5

29.4%

Morocco

9 2007

325

34

10.5%

10 2009

270

6

2.2%

101

Democratic Republic of the Congo

7 2006

500

52

10.4%

1 2007

108

5

4.6%

102

Mali

7 2007

147

15

10.2%

103

Barbados

1 2008

30

3

10.0%

2 2008

21

7

33.3%

Equatorial Guinea

5 2008

100

10

10.0%

Guinea-Bissau

11 2008

100

10

10.0%

104

Malaysia

3 2008

222

22

9.9%

N.A.

64

18

28.1%

105

Kenya

12 2007

224

22

9.8%

Suriname

5 2010

51

5

9.8%

106

Armenia

5 2007

131

12

9.2%

107

Hungary

4 2010

386

35

9.1%

108

Cote d’Ivoire

12 2000

203

18

8.9%

109

Malta

3 2008

69

6

8.7%

110

Brazil

10 2010

513

44

8.6%

10 2010

81

13

16.0%

111

Bhutan

3 2008

47

4

8.5%

12 2007

25

6

24.0%

Panama

5 2009

71

6

8.5%

112

Benin

4 2011

83

7

8.4%

113

Ghana

12 2008

230

19

8.3%

114

Ukraine

9 2007

450

36

8.0%

115

Botswana

10 2009

63

5

7.9%

116

Algeria

5 2007

389

30

7.7%

12 2009

136

7

5.1%

Kuwait

5 2009

65

5

7.7%

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

3 2009

468

36

7.7%

117

Gambia

1 2002

53

4

7.5%

118

Congo

6 2007

137

10

7.3%

8 2008

70

9

12.9%

119

Somalia

8 2004

546

37

6.8%

120

Saint Kitts and Nevis

1 2010

15

1

6.7%

121

Georgia

5 2008

138

9

6.5%

Maldives

5 2009

77

5

6.5%

122

Sri Lanka

4 2010

225

13

5.8%

123

Kiribati

8 2007

46

2

4.3%

Myanmar

11 2010

326

14

4.3%

11 2010

168

6

3.6%

124

Haiti

11 2010

95

4

4.2%

11 2010

30

1

3.3%

125

Samoa

3 2011

49

2

4.1%

126

Mongolia

6 2008

76

3

3.9%

127

Vanuatu

9 2008

52

2

3.8%

128

Nigeria

4 2011

352

13

3.7%

4 2011

109

4

3.7%

129

Tonga 3

11 2010

28

1

3.6%

130

Lebanon

6 2009

128

4

3.1%

131

Comoros

12 2009

33

1

3.0%

Marshall Islands

11 2007

33

1

3.0%

132

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

3 2008

290

8

2.8%

133

Bahrain

10 2010

40

1

2.5%

11 2010

40

11

27.5%

134

Papua New Guinea

6 2007

109

1

0.9%

135

Yemen

4 2003

301

1

0.3%

4 2001

111

2

1.8%

136

Belize

2 2008

32

0

0.0%

3 2008

13

5

38.5%

Micronesia (Federated States of)

3 2011

14

0

0.0%

Nauru

6 2010

18

0

0.0%

Oman

10 2007

84

0

0.0%

11 2007

72

14

19.4%

Palau

11 2008

16

0

0.0%

11 2008

13

2

15.4%

Qatar

7 2010

35

0

0.0%

Saudi Arabia

2 2009

150

0

0.0%

Solomon Islands

8 2010

50

0

0.0%

Tuvalu

9 2010

15

0

0.0%

* Figures correspond to the number of seats currently filled in Parliament

Egypt: The People’s Assembly and the Shoura Assembly were dissolved by the Egypt Supreme Council of Armed Forces (ESCAF) on 13 February 2011.

Guinea: The parliament was dissolved following the December 2008 coup

Tunisia: On 8 and 9 February 2011 respectively, in accordance with Article 28 of the Constitution, the Chamber of Deputies and the Chamber of Councillors invested the Acting President with the power to rule the country by decree on key issues. The Parliament has since ceased to function.

1 – South Africa: The figures on the distribution of seats in the Upper House do not include the 36 special rotating delegates appointed on an ad hoc basis, and all percentages given are therefore calculated on the basis of the 54 permanent seats.

2 – United States of America: The total refers to all voting members of the House.

3 – Tonga: No women were elected in 2010. One woman was appointed to the Cabinet. As cabinet ministers also sit in parliament there is one woman out of a total of 28 members

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